5 Famous Snipers of World War II

The U.S.S.R. was the only country that heavily trained sniper units during the decade leading up to the Second World War. Other nations trained them, but not to the same degree. In fact, 95 of the top 100 WWII snipers, by kills, were Soviets. Following are five historical icons who earned notability for their bravery and outstanding marksmanship, becoming some of the most famous snipers in history.

Vassili Grigoryevich Zaitsev (1915-1991)

Vassili Grigoryevich Zaitsev

When Zaitsev arrived to join the Battle of Stalingrad, the average life expectancy for a soldier in the beleaguered city was 24 hours. Armed with a standard-issue rifle, in his first 10 days, he killed at least 30 enemy soldiers. His superiors recognized his talent as a marksman and made him a sniper. Zaitsev went on to develop sniper tactics used by the Red Army, achieving at least 225 kills and becoming Stalingrad’s most famous WWII sniper.

Roza Georgiyevna Shanina (1924-1945)

Roza Georgiyevna Shanina

After learning her brother had been killed during the Siege of Leningrad, Shanina volunteered for the sniper academy. By the time her class was deployed, in 1944, she had proven herself an unusually skilled sharpshooter and was appointed the commander of her unit. In the course of her service, Shanina’s sniper tally reached at least 54 kills. In 1945, Shanina was killed while attempting to protect the severely wounded artillery commander. She was only 20 years old.

Matthäus Hetzenauer (1924-2004)

Matthaus Hetzenauer

The most successful sniper of the German Wehrmacht, Hetzenauer fought on the eastern front in 1944. The Austrian sniper recorded the longest kill shot (1,100 meters, about 1,200 yards) from the Second World War. Although he also has the highest confirmed kills (345) of the Wehrmacht, when asked in what warfare could the sniper be most successful, he said, “The best success for snipers did not reside in the number of hits but in the damage caused the enemy by shooting commanders or other important men.”

Simo Häyhä (1905-2002)

Simo Hayha

During the Winter War of 1939 to 1940, when the Red Army invaded Finland, Häyhä fought in Kollaa and Ulismaa, where he became Finland’s most famous WWII sniper. Nicknamed “The White Death” due to his infallible sharpshooter skills, Häyhä is credited with at least 500 kills, and by some counts, as many as 542. He was wounded near the end of the war when he was shot in the face by an exploding bullet, he was hospitalized in a coma for a week and awoke on 13 March 1940, the same day peace was declared.

Lyudmila Mykhailivna Ppavlichenko (1916-1974)

Lyudmila Mykhailivna Ppavlichenko

When Germany began its invasion of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian-born Pavlichenko volunteered to join the Red Army. At a time when women were not accepted as soldiers, she became known as “Lady Death” and was regarded as the most successful female sniper of WWII. Pavlichenko’s recorded kill count reached 309 before being wounded by mortar fire. She made a recovery but never returned to combat. Her success on the battlefield had led to fame, and the Soviet Union sent her on a support campaign to allied countries.

Battle of Iwo Jima

List of 10 Greatest Battles of the Pacific War

The Pacific War, also referred to as the Asia-Pacific War was fought during World War II between the Empire of Japan, Thailand and Japanese puppet states...Read More

World War II Fighter

List of 10 Most Iconic World War II Fighters

World War II was defined as much by aerial warfare as "The Great War" was defined by trench warfare. Aircraft played a central role in all the theaters and all major operations,...Read More

Handing-out tea during war

5 Funniest Wartime Events of the 20th Century

History books are full of wacky and weird stories about the peculiar people who shaped the world...Read More

We use cookies to personalize content and ads and to analyze traffic on our web site. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Please review our Privacy Policy for more information.

Related pages

classical music singerbuildings in spainwhat was the immediate cause of wwifamous composers from the classical periodluftwaffe losses ww2italian famous paintingsmughal monuments in indiawhere was mughal empire locatedcordoba spain mosqueokinawa battle casualtiesearly type of hominid found in africareligious books of hinduismtop 10 sites in barcelonamost used inventionswho invented tanks in ww1top 10 romantic composersfamouse inventionshuman moon landingsfamous paintings of marythe nine layers of hellsacred writings in hinduismdore paradisoclassical musiciansgustav klimt factsfrank llyod wright homesmain causes for ww1the buccaneering book of piratesafrican gods and goddesses picturesdifferent punishments in hellbest paintings in historylist of scientist namesraphael italian renaissancewho is the egyptian god horusthe most known person in the worldegypt cats picturesantono gaudileonardo davinci sketchesegyptian god of rebirthtop ten love storyart leonardo da vincifamous art in florenceindian architecture stylesosiris belovedfrank lloyd wright pennsylvania housewho is alfred nobel and what did he inventfamous classical music conductorsmilitary leaders in ww1underwater mysteriesmayan pyramids nameswhy mona lisa painting is famousleonardo da vinci inventions parachute3 famous renaissance artistswhich circle of hell quizcordoba architectureworld war 1 unrestricted submarine warfarebooks on egyptian godsthe battle of amienscastles and fortressesmozart famous piano piecesfamous buildings in nycinventions during the 20th centuryleonardo da vinci top 10 paintingsfamous captains nameswhat is surrealism paintinggreatest renaissance paintingsskeleton flagegypt of the pharaohsevents in european historytop 10 classical musicianstop 10 famous composers20th century artist nameslist of roman warsegyptian animals listfamous egyptian cats